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Clinical presentation of post-COVID pain and its impact on quality of life in long COVID patients: a cross-sectional household survey of SARS-CoV-2 cases in Bangladesh.

Authors :
Kabir, Md. Feroz
Yin, Khin Nyein
Jeffree, Mohammad Saffree
Ahmedy, Fatimah Binti
Zainudin, Muhamad Faizal
Htwe, Ohnmar
Jahan, Sharmila
Hossain, Md. Zahid
Hossain, K. M. Amran
Hossain, Tofajjal
Jahid, Iqbal Kabir
Chakrovorty, Sonjit Kumar
Source :
BMC Infectious Diseases. 4/4/2024, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p1-13. 13p.
Publication Year :


Background: Pain is one of the prevalent Long COVID Symptoms (LCS). Pain interferes with the quality of life (QoL) and induces disease burden. Purpose: The study aimed to elicit the clinical presentation of pain and determine the relationships between QoL and pain in LCS. Methods: This household cross-sectional study of 12,925 SARS-CoV-2 cases between July and December 2021 was carried out in eight administrative divisions of Bangladesh. Stratified random sampling from the cases retrieved from the Ministry of Health was employed. Symptom screening was performed through COVID-19 Yorkshire Rehabilitation Scale, and long COVID was diagnosed according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. The analyses were conducted using IBM SPSS (Version 20.00). Results: The prevalence of pain in long COVID was between 01 and 3.1% in the studied population. The study also found five categories of pain symptoms as LCS in Bangladesh: muscle pain 3.1% (95% CI; 2.4–3.8), chest pain 2.4% (95% CI; 1.8–3.1), joint pain 2.8% (95% CI; 2.2–2.3), headache 3.1% (95% CI; 2.4–3.8), and abdominal pain 0.3% (95% CI; 0.01–0.5). People with LCS as pain, multiple LCS, and longer duration of LCS had significantly lower quality of life across all domains of the WHOQOL-BREF (P < 0.001) compared to asymptomatic cases. Conclusion: Three out of ten people with long COVID experience painful symptoms, which can significantly reduce their quality of life. Comprehensive rehabilitation can improve the symptoms and reduce the burden of the disease. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]


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Academic Search Index
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BMC Infectious Diseases
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Academic Journal
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